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    網球場建設方案

    2020-08-21 10:53:01
    網球場建設方案
    詳細介紹:

    一、 網球場地的大小(網球場地標準尺寸)


    一片標準的網球場地,占地面積應不小于670㎡(長36.60米、寬18.30米),其中雙打場地標準尺寸為長23.77米、寬10.97米。如果是兩片或兩片以上相鄰而建的并行網球場地,兩片場地之間距離應不小于5米。 這片長方形的角逐場再用球網橫隔成兩個等區。場上縱橫交錯的白線都有各自的名稱,球場兩端的界線稱為“端線”,球場兩邊的界線稱之為“邊線”;在球網兩側6.40米處的場內各畫一條與邊線平行的橫線為“發球線”;聯結兩發球線的中點畫一條與邊線平行的線稱“中線”;中線與球網成“十”字形,將發球線與邊線之間的地面分成四個相等的區域,稱為“發球區”;在端線的中心,向場內畫一條垂直于端線的短線稱為“中點”。全場各區的丈量,除中線外都從各線的上沿計算,場上所有的線應是同一顏色(白色或黃色)。


    二、網球場建設場地各線段的寬度

     

    全場除端線可寬至10厘米外,其他各線的寬度均在2.5-5厘米范圍之內。全場各區域的丈量除中線外,均從各線的外沿量計算。

     

    三、網球場地建設的種類

     

    網球場地有天然草坪、泥地(砂地),丙烯酸網球場隨著科學技術的發展,又出現了人造草皮網球場以及硅PU塑膠網球場地等。不同類型的網球場地其面層材料具有不同的性能,并在建造中都有一定的技術標準和規范要求。不同面層材料的塑膠網球場地在維護和保養方面,必須注意化學溶劑、有色素飲料的污染,禁止在場上進行基礎作業,防止敲打、劃傷場地表層等。目前得到國際國聯認證,并且使用多的是丙烯酸網球場,國際知名丙烯酸材料有德克瑞、泰尼斯萊夫等國際網聯ITF認證材料。

     

    四、網球場建設網柱要求

     

    球網兩側的網柱高1.07米,支柱的直徑或邊長不超過7.5厘米。

     

    五、網球場建設球網要求

     

    單打球網長為10.06米,雙打球網長為12.8米,球網上沿用5~6.3厘米寬的白色帆布包縫,并用直徑不超過0.8厘米的鋼絲繩穿起來,掛在場中央離邊線0.914米以外的網柱上,球網應充分展開,完全填滿兩柱之間的空隙,球網網孔大小以不讓球穿過為準。球網的中央高為0.914米,并用5厘米寬的白布速帶束于地面。要求球網的下邊須和地面接觸。

     

    六、網球場建設場地周圍空地

     

    端線以外至少要有6.40米的空地,邊線以外至少要有3.66米的空地,如果是室內網球場,端線6.40米以外的上空凈高應不少于6.40米,室內屋頂在球網上空的凈高汪少于11.50米。國際網聯規定,室內館球場上空的凈高應為12.50米。

     

    七、網球場建設球場的固定物

     

    球場固定物除了球網、網柱、單打支柱、繩或鋼絲繩、中心帶、網邊白布外,還包括球場四周的擋網(室外網球場地的四周圍擋網高度4~6米之間),看臺、固定的或可移動的座位、座椅以及安置在場地周圍上空的設備,如照明燈具,應設置在室外球場兩側擋網上方,距地面高7.60米以上,每片網球場地平均照明度應大于600個勒克斯。在球網、中心帶、網邊白布或單打支柱上均不得有廣告。如在球場后面放置廣告或其他物品時,則不得使用白色、黃色或淺顏色,如廣告放置在位于球場后面的司線員的坐椅上,這些廣告也不得使用白色、黃色或其他淺顏色,以免干擾運動員的視線。

     

    網球場地整體標準:尺寸是36560毫米()×18280毫米(),比賽場地尺寸是23770毫米()×10970毫米()。半場對角線長16170毫米。如果是室內網球場,端線6.40米以外的上空凈高不小于6.40米,室內屋頂在球網上空的凈高不低于11.50米。如果是兩片或兩片以上相連而建的并行網球場地。相鄰場地邊線之間的距離不小于4.0米。國際網聯和國家體委頒布的《網球競賽規則》中規定,一片標準網球場地的占地面積不小于36.6米(南北長)×18.3(東西寬)米,這一尺寸也是一片標準網球場地四周圍擋網或室內建筑內墻面的凈尺寸。在這個面積內,有效雙打場地的標準尺寸是:23.77米(長)×10.98米(寬),在每條端線后應留有余地不小于6.40米,在每條邊線外應流有余地不小于3.66米。在球場安裝網柱,兩柱中心測量,柱間距是12.80米,網柱頂端距地面是0.914米。

     

     

    網球場場地建造的基本過程:

     

    一步:規劃、選址。

    在建設任何工程之前,一步是制定詳細的規劃。如果你想要建造一座網球場,在進行工程之前,你必須考慮的一個問題就是網球場的表面應當采取何種面層?是泥土表面的還是現代化合成塑膠表面?兩種類型各有優劣,但合成表面材料近幾年得到了很好的改善,其優勢已經非常明顯。丙烯酸塑膠面層當前已經得到了廣泛的應用和認可。

    其次需選擇確定網球場的地址,并且根據其周邊的環境,規劃出合理的建設方案。主要考慮的因素有:場地土質的狀況,凍土層的厚度,地下水的位置,球場的方向,水泥或瀝青基礎的選擇,多片球場相連時空地間隔的大小等。建造網球場要因地制宜,不過少要占用19× 37m的場地。

     

    第二步:基礎建造。

    在規劃設計方案出來以后,要開始基礎施工。一片網球場的質量高低,很大程度上都取決于它的基礎建設的好壞。因此,基礎施工一定要選擇基礎建筑的專業施工隊伍,根據場地基礎的要求,嚴格按照施工標準施工,嚴加把關。具體的場地基礎要求是:水泥基礎,即鋼筋混凝土基礎。它要用商品混凝土一次鋪設成功。加入鋼筋是為了增加場地整體性,防止基礎開裂。一般每片場地中間球網的正下方,都要留一條縮縫。瀝青基礎是根據當地的環境情況,從地面向下挖相應的深度,并依次填鋪不同材質,逐步碾壓,使它的密實度不低于2.35/立方米。其表面瀝青應無麻面、無蜂窩、無油類污染,并保證在夏季高溫時不返油。

    無論是水泥基礎還是瀝青基礎表面,都要求平整度的高低差不大于3毫米,也就是用3米的壓尺在場地上任意測量檢查,其平整度誤差的平均值不大于3毫米。對于室外的球場,表層排水坡度為1:1001:150(區別于普通土建工程做的排水坡度)。

    另外,在基礎施工時,一定要提前準備好一些附屬設施固定件的預埋,以免漏做、將來重做時會破壞基礎的完整性。

     

    第三步:網球場、場地四周擋網、網球墻、燈光系統等附屬設施建設。

    在基礎建設完工以后,根據先前的一些預埋設施,安裝球場四周的擋網和燈柱,并盡可能地安排建造一面網球墻,以為練習之便。

     

    第四步:場地面層鋪設。

    場地基礎保養完畢后,其它附屬設施也安裝妥當后,接下來就要做網球場關鍵的面層部分了。雖然針對不同的基礎,有一些不同的處理方法,而且各產品的鋪設也不盡相同,但總的來說,面層鋪設主要有以下幾個步驟:

    1.清理和修補基礎場地:

    對一些坑洼、凹陷處進行修補,然后清掃或沖刷整個場地,需要注意的是,修補后的場地,一定要干燥后(一般24小時)方可繼續施工。

    2.鋪粘接層:

    在基礎表層需要鋪涂一層粘接劑,它能緊密地粘接在水泥表面上,同時和面層的塑膠材質緊密結合,還能防止出現脫膠,起皮等問題。

    3.鋪基礎增強層:

    為了增強場地的強度,平整度和使用壽命,將塑膠面層的主要原料丙烯酸和石英砂、水按一定比例攪拌混和成一種乳液,均勻地鋪設在場地上。

    4.鋪填充層:

    用丙烯酸色層基礎材料加入適當的石英砂攪拌混和鋪成,摻入石英砂的作用不僅是耐磨,而且也可以根據用量的多少來調節控制球速的快慢。

    5.面油鋪設:

    主要是由丙烯酸面油與一定比例的水混和,均勻鋪在填充層上。它的色彩鮮艷、抗紫外線褪色,并有一定的耐磨性。

     

    第五步:畫線,掛網。

    在面油鋪設之后,就要進行塑膠面層的后一步工序-畫線。在畫線時,應注意的是,一定要嚴格按照標準尺寸預畫出色條線的兩條小細線,并反復核對。在復核無誤后,用膠貼紙貼在兩條小細線外側,再用專用的場地畫線漆刷在其中。隨后撕去膠貼紙,后裝上網柱,掛上網球網和中心拉帶。至此,經過以上五個步驟,一片標準的網球場就算建造完畢了。

     

     




    一、The size of the tennis court (tennis court standard size)

     

    A standard tennis court, covers an area of not less than 670 square meters (36.60 meters long, 18.30 meters wide), which doubles court the standard size is 23.77 meters long, 10.97 meters wide. If it is two or more than two adjacent built parallel tennis courts, two courts distance should be not less than 5 meters.this piece of rectangular arena and the cross is divided into two districts.The line on both ends of the court called "the end", on both sides of the court called the sideline. In the 6.40 meters on both sides of the venue of the draw a line parallel to the line of “service line”.The midpoint of the line connecting the two draw a line parallel to the side lines called “midline”;the midline and net shape into “ten”,between the service line and ground line into four equal areas,called “service area”;In the end,to draw a line perpendicular to the field line called the “midpot”.The measurement of the whole district,located in the middle line from the line along the edge of the calculation,all the lines on the field should be the same color(white or yellow).



    一、The width of each segment of the tennis court

     

    In addition to the line width can be up to 10 cm, the line width is within the range of 2.5-5 cm. The measurement of each region in addition to the center line, from the line along the quantity calculation.

     

    二、Types of tennis court construction

     

    The tennis court has natural grass, mud (sand), acrylic tennis court with the development of science and technology, and the emergence of artificial turf tennis courts and silicon PU plastic tennis court.Different types of tennis courts have different properties of the surface material,and in the construction of a certain technical standards and specifications.The plastic tennis court with different surface materials in the maintenance and maintenance, must pay attention to chemical solvents, pigment beverage pollution, banned there on the basis of operation, prevent knock, scratch site surface. Now get the international certification of the league of nations, and is the most used acrylic tennis court, the international well-known acrylic material with Dirk, Leif Tanis etc. ITF certification materials.

     

    三、The tennis court construction requirements

    The net posts on both sides of 1.07 meters high, the pillar of the diameter or length of not more than 7.5 cm.

     

    四、Tennis net construction requirements

     

    Single ball net is 10.06 meters long, double play network is 12.8 meters long, 5~6.3 cm wide net use white canvas bag sewing, and wire rope diameter less than 0.8 cm to wear, hanging 0.914 meters away from the central line of the presence of the net, the net shall be fully carried out, fills the gap between the two column completely, net mesh size to keep the ball across the net. The central subject is 0.914 meters high, and 5 cm wide cloth belt speed on the ground. The net below shall contact with the ground.

     

    五、Open space around tennis courts

     

    Outside the end there should be at least 6.40 meters of space, the sideline outside at least 3.66 meters of space, if the indoor tennis courts, 6.40 meters away from the above line height shall be not less than 6.40 meters, the interior roof over the net height less than 11.50 meters.ITF regulations, indoor hall over the course of height should be 12.50 meters.

     

    六、Tennis stadium fixture

     

    The net posts, in addition to stadium fixtures, singles stickes, rope or wire rope, center belt, net cloth, also includes a tennis court nearby (outdoor tennis courts around the net height of 4~6 meters between), stands, fixed or movable seat, seat and equipment placed over the site,such as lighting, should be set on both sides of the outdoor court online,above the ground more than 7.60 meters high, each piece of the tennis court average illumination should be greater than 600 lux.

    The center in the net, net white or singles stickes shall not be advertising. When advertising or other items are placed behind the court, it should not be used White, yellow or light colors, such as ads placed in the stadium is located behind the line on the seat,these ads may not use white,yellow or other light color,so as not to disturb the athlete’s sight.

     

    The tennis court standard size is 36560 mm (L) x 18280 mm (width), venue size is 23770 mm (L) x 10970 mm (W). Half court diagonal length of 16170 mm. If the indoor tennis courts, 6.40 meters away from the above line height not less than 6.40 meters, in the indoor roof over the net the height of not less than 11.50 meters. If it is two or more than two of parallel connected built tennis courts,the distance between adjacent ground line of not less than 4 meters. Tennis competition rules of the ITF and the National Sports Commission said,the standard tennis court area covers not less than 36.6 meters (north-south) (wide) x 18.3 meters,this size is also a standard tennis court around the fence or indoor wall size.In this area, effectively doubles court standard size: 23.77 m (10.98 meters long) * (wide), in the room after each line should not be less than 6.40 meters, at each edge flow scope of not less than 3.66 meters. In the course of installation of column, two column center measurement, column spacing is 12.80 meters, the top is 0.914 meters from the ground.

     

    The basic process of tennis court construction:

     

    The first step: planning, site selection.

     

    Before the construction of any project, the first step is to develop a detailed plan. If you want to build a tennis court, before the project is carried out,the first question you must consider is the court should adopt the surface layer? Is the soil surface or modern synthetic plastic surface? Two types have advantages and disadvantages, but the synthetic materials surface in recent years has been improved, its advantage is obvious. The acrylic plastic surface layer has been widely used and recognized.Secondly, it needs to choose the tennis court address, and according to the surrounding environment, planning out the most reasonable construction plan. The main factors are: soil condition, soil layer thickness, groundwater position, the stadium direction, cement or asphalt based selection, multi pitch connected space interval size the construction of the tennis court. According to local conditions, but at least occupy 19 x 37m site.

     

    The second step: foundation construction.

     

    In the future planning and design, to start the foundation construction. The quality level of a tennis court,largely depends on its foundation quality.Therefore, the foundation construction must choose professional construction team building, according to the site requirements, in strict accordance with the construction standards of construction, strict checks site based. Specific requirements are: cement foundation, reinforced concrete foundation. It should be used in commercial concrete laying success once. Join the bar is in order to increase the overall site, to prevent cracking. Every field of the net is below the middle, has to be a contraction joints. The asphalt is based on local ‘s environment,From the ground to dig down the corresponding depth, and then fill the shop of different materials, and gradually make it rolling, the density of not less than 2.35 tons / m3. The asphalt surface should be no pits, no honeycomb, no oil pollution, and ensure the high temperature in the summer when the oil return.

    Both the cement foundation and asphalt surface, require the smoothness of the height difference is not greater than 3 mm, which is 3 meters with pressure bar any measurement check on the site, the flatness error average value is less than 3 mm. For outdoor stadium, surface drainage slope of 1:100 to 1:150 (the difference between drainage slope in the ordinary civil engineering do).

    In addition, in the foundation construction, be sure to prepare some of the ancillary facilities in advance of avoid leakage,the future will undermine the integrity of the foundation.

     

    The third step: tennis courts, venues around the network, tennis wall, lighting systems and other ancillary facilities

     

    After the basic completion of construction, according to some previous pre buried facilities, backstop and lamppost mounted around the ground, and as far as possible to build a schedule of tennis wall, in order to practice.

     

    The fourth step: laying the ground surface layer

     

    Site based maintenance is completed, other ancillary facilities are properly installed, the surface layer part next to the tennis court to do the key. Although according to different basis, there are a number of different processing methods, and the laying of each product are not the same, but in general, the laying of the surface layer mainly contains the following steps:

     

    1 .clean up and repair base:

    Some of the potholes, dent repair, and then cleaning or washing the entire site, note that the repair site must be dry (usually 24 hours) can continue the construction.

     

    2 .adhesive layer:

    On the basis of the surface layer need to be coated with a layer of adhesive, it can be closely adhered to the surface of the cement, and the surface of the plastic material closely, but also to prevent the emergence of degumming, peeling and other issues

     

    3 .laying foundation reinforcement layer:

    In order to enhance the strength of the site, flatness and service life, the main raw material of plastic surface layer of acrylic acid and quartz sand, water, according to a certain proportion of mixing into a kind of emulsion, evenly laid on the site.

     

    4 .layer filling layer:

    By adding acrylic acid based layer material of quartz sand mixing paved, mixed with quartz sand is not only resistant, but also according to the amount of how to control the speed of the ball.

     

    5 .face oil laying:

    It is mainly mixed with a certain proportion of water from acrylic acid, and is evenly spread on the filling layer, which has the characteristics of bright color, anti ultraviolet ray fading and certain abrasion resistance.

     

    The fifth step: draw the line, hang the net.

     

    After the face oil laying,it is necessary to carry out the plastic surface at the last step---drawing line.When drawing the line, should pay attention to, must be in strict accordance with the standard size of two small thin pre painted excellent line, and repeatedly check in check. There is no mistake, attached to the two thread the outer side with stickers, and then a special site in them. Then draw a line paintbrush torn stickers, and fit the Internet column, hanging on the net and center pull. So far, through the above five steps, a standard tennis court even finished.


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